Historical Resources for Fanfic Writers
Last Updated: November 18, 2006

This page is intended to provide fanfic writers with reference sources for historical information. These may range from the factual to the inspirational. The initial resource list was provided by the participants at the "Don't Know Much about History" and "Hornblower: Sodomy and the Lash" panels at Escapade 2003. Thanks to all who contributed.

Please note: This is intended to be a community-wide project, so contributions of ideas and most importantly, resources, are encouraged. If you have a site link, book, film, or other source to recommend, please send it to Killa via e-mail. Some indication of historical time period or context would be very helpful, and a brief description of the site would be welcome. Also, if you are knowledgeable about a particular area of history, and wouldn't mind helping others with questions, e-mail me and I will add your e-mail address to the list where appropriate.

It's my hope that this will become a useful resource for all of us, but I'm very far from any sort of historian, and will gratefully welcome any input as this page develops. Please let me know if you see something that could be organized more clearly or made more easily accessible. NOTE: I've had to split the page in two to save load time, and may have to again. The Quick Index will always take you to the page you want.

Quick Index to Resources
Browse General Resources to find general history sites, books and book series, or click on a link to jump to resources specific to that period or subject.
(HINT: Resources are not duplicated, so to see all relevant resources, you may wish to start with General Resources, then the Historical Period, and finally, your Specific Interest.)
Interests (continued)
Costuming and Clothing
Crime and Punishment
European History
Food and Dining
First Nations
French History
German History
Irish History
Labor and Labor Laws
Magic, Religion, Philosophy and Mythology
The Middle East
Russian History
Science and Medicine
Scottish History
Sexuality in History
Spanish Civil War
Spies and Espionage
Trade, Commerce & Money
U.S. History
Vietnam War
Welsh History
World War I
World War II and Holocaust
Writing and Journalism
Visual Key to Resources: Online resource
Book or publication

Interests (cont'd from previous page)

Art and Architecture

Images from History
Images from the history of world art and archæology for use in the classroom.
British History

18th century British Parliamentary Papers Digitisation Project
Aims to create a comprehensive digital library of parliamentary papers from 1688-1800.

A Web of English History
If you are interested in English History then this site is for you. It began life as the Peel Web, a resource for students of the period 1830-50 and has been extended to include the period 1760-1830. The information is detailed enough for A Level and Undergraduate students whilst being accessible to those who simply want to know more about the events in the later Eighteenth Century and the first half of the Nineteenth Century.

Black Presence
Asian and Black History in Britain, 1500-1850.

The Blackheath Connection by Dan Byrnes
The main purpose of this website is to deliver to the Internet a major history writing/research project—The Blackheath Connection. Producing this has been a major exercise, eviewing the history of convict transportation from England (or, Britain) to North America 1718-1755, and later to Australia from 1786-1810.

British Art
Overview of significant figures and institutions in British art.

British Civil War
Detailed encyclopedic information about Britain in civil war during the reign of Charles I.

The British Empire
Articles, Biographies, Timelines, Discussion, Map Room, Armed Forces, Art and Culture, Science and Technology, Resources, etc.

British History, 1500-1950
Encyclopedic overview.

British History Online
Built by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust, this is the pilot digital library of British historical sources for historians of Britain located worldwide seeking access to, and cross-searching of, an interconnected range of historical sources. They have a nice collections section, including a Journal of the House of Commons.

British Prime Ministers
Encyclopedia entries from 1715 to today.

British Monarchy
Encyclopedia entries from 1042 to today.

Sir Winston Churchill
The Winston Churchill Home Page is maintained by the The Churchill Centre and Societies, the mission of which is to foster leadership, statesmanship, vision and boldness among democratic and freedom-loving peoples worldwide, through the thoughts, words, works and deeds of Winston Spencer Churchill.

Maps and info about castles in the UK. The History of Castles section gives a short overview of the origin of castles, the development of medieval castles, and the eventual decline of castles. There is also an extensive glossary of castle terminology.

Church and State
The dynastic disputes and turbulent events that have shaped nations, regions and communities.

Coal Mining History Resource Centre
History, lists of mining deaths, glossary, and other resources.

Cotton Times
The how and why of cotton's (and Lancashire's) role in the Industrial Revolution.

The Diary of Samuel Pepys
Kept by the Clerk of the Acts and Secretary to the Admiralty, 1659-1662.

Durham Mining Museum
This site covers mining in the Northern part of England i.e. County Durham (DUR), Northumberland (NBL), Cumberland (CUL), Westmorland (WES) and the Ironstone mines of North Yorkshire (NRY).

East Midlands Oral History Archive
Multimedia online archive.

Family, Sex and Marriage in England 1500-1800 by Lawrence Stone

Provides a detailed analysis of family relationships.

History of the British Army
The National Army Museum is the British Army's own museum. It is the only museum to tell the story of the Army as a whole from Agincourt in the Fifteenth Century to peace-keeping in the Twenty-first Century.

History of the Workhouse
Dedicated to the workhouse — its buildings, its inmates, its staff and administrators, and even its poets...

Making of the UK
Extensive encyclopedia entries relating to the formation of the UK. Entries cover 1485-1715.

The Monarchs of Britain
Brief entries on each monarch of England and Great Britain from 802 A.D. to the present.

Parliamentary Reform
Extensive encyclopedia entries about Parliamentary reform between 1700-1928.

Penny Magazine
The Penny Magazine, published every Saturday, was aimed at the working class. It was part of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge's program for liberal reform. for its reader, however, it was a source of information on subjects of general interest: everyday things like tea and coffee, well-known places in England, a series on animals and birds of Britain, descriptions of prsent-day manufacturing, even an American alaman and a serial of a personal account of an immigrant's problems. Poetry was published, too, and there are several illustrations in each issue.

Political Cartoon Society
Includes a section of articles about cartoon history.

Railways in the 19th Century
Pretty much everything you could want to know on the topic.

Royal Air Force
Celebrates the history of the service and its pioneering role in the development of aviation, from its earliest beginnings to the present day.

Textile Industry
Detailed encyclopedic information about the textile industry in Britain.

The Tudors
Biographies, events, issues and organizations.

UK Heritage Railways
A guide to the entire heritage railway scene in the UK and Ireland.

The Unofficial British Royal Family Pages
Some useful links and info on the History page.

Victorian Britain
Graphics-intensive exploration of life in Victorian Britain, focusing on quality of life and social development.

The Victorian Dictionary
A guide to the social history of Victorian London.

Canadian History

The Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada
The Anti-Slavery Society of Canada was the last of several short-lived anti-slavery societies in Canada. These societies were part of an international abolitionist movement supported by leading moral thinkers of the day in Britain, Europe and the United States. This 1851 Society was founded by the Honourable George Brown, later a Father of Confederation, his family and associates on February 26, 1851 in Toronto. The focus of the Society's attention was the United States since in Canada slavery had been in decline from 1793 and was formally abolished in 1834.

The Atlas of Canada: Territorial Evolution

Evolution of Canada from 1867 to 1999.

Avro Arrow Recovery

This website is the largest archive of Avro Arrow information.

Backcheck: A Hockey Retrospective
This digital project's primary focus is on the early days of hockey. Materials from the collections of the National Library of Canada and the National Archives of Canada are presented to trace the development of Canada's national winter sport.

Beyond the Funnies: The History of Comics in English Canada and Quebec
Explores the history of the graphic-narrative medium in Canada, from the earliest comic strips to the cutting-edge work of contemporary comic artists such as Julie Doucet and Chester Brown. Beyond the Funnies covers the French- and English-language comic-art traditions in Canada, and the full range of forms Canadian comics have taken.

Biophil: Stamp Creators
The database on the creators of Canadian and British North American stamps contains biographical information on the individuals responsible for creating stamps. This database also includes administrative notices on the printers of stamps.

Cabinet Conclusions
This research tool provides access to the Cabinet Conclusions which summarize the discussions that took place at the meetings of the Federal Cabinet. They document decision-making at the highest level of the Canadian government and offer researchers a glimpse into Canadian politics for the years 1944 to 1972.

Canada at Scale: Maps of Our History

The maps in this exhibition reflect the evolution of cartography in our country: Aboriginal peoples, European colonial powers, Canadians, governments, private industry and academics all produced precious maps. Although some are less appealing aesthetically, they nevertheless are significant as testimonies to the beginning of map printing in this country. From the astrolabe to computers, the history of our country and evolution in technology are laid out before us. They are on the scale of human will and dreams.

Canada at War
The Purpose of this Division of CanWar is to inform the Canadian that their Nation has by every means a very rich and proud Military History... 

Canada, by Train
Three main sections. Ties That Bind provides a short history of railways in Canada and how they marketed their passenger services. It creates a context for the other two sections, Transcontinental Tour and Tracking Time. The "Transcontinental Tour" section of this exhibit highlights the National Library's collection of railway advertising and some of the companies that created it. The collection contains brochures, timetables and posters, dating from approximately 1883 to 1952. The "Tracking Time" section examines the contribution of railways to the growth of Canada, through themes ranging from urban growth to immigration. Important Canadian events such as The Depression and the Royal Visit of 1939 are also linked to railways and trains.

Canada Speaks
A collection of speeches by Canadian Prime Ministers.

Canada’s Constitutional Evolution
The constitutional evolution of Canada now spans over four centuries. Through texts and symbols, French, British and Canadian governments and the First Nations have left their mark on the history of this country. Two main parts are presented to you: an exhibition entitled Canada: Milestones in Our Constitutional Evolution, where you will discover fifty documents (like portraits, maps and medals) relating to our constitutional history; and stimulating and instructive games which relate to the contents of the exhibition.

Canadian Air Aces and Heroes
Stories from WWI, WWII and Korea.

Canadian Archival Resources on the Internet
The purpose of this site is to provide a comprehensive list of links to Canadian archives and associated resources on the Internet. These include links to individual repositories, multi-repository databases, archival listservs, archival associations, educational opportunities, and other related sites. Links are generally limited to archival repositories, but museums and library special collections departments have been included when they contain reference to non-published materials.

Canadian Arctic Profiles

This web site provides information on a variety of topics relating to the Canadian Arctic. The site is dynamic and the range of topics and the depth of treatment will be augmented over time under the auspices of the Digital Collection Program of Industry Canada.

Canadian Confederation

Welcome to the National Library's Canadian Confederation website, which tells the story of how Canada came to be, from the original four provinces in 1867 to the present. Historical essays showcase documents, articles and photographs of the people, places and events that have shaped our country. The site features material from the collection of the National Library of Canada, including a number of rare items that would otherwise be difficult to access.

Canadian Directories, Who Was Where?
The Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions (CIHM), established in 1978, is a nonprofit organization for preserving and providing access to early Canadian publications, first on microfiche and now online.

Canadian Heritage Gallery

The most extensive collection of historical Canadiana on the Internet.

Canadian History
News, Periods, Documents, Conflict, Political Art Gallery, The Arts Industry, Science, Sports, Geography, Social, and Recently Published Papers. Includes a video section.

Canadian History Portal

The two purposes of the portal are to provide a reliable guide to materials on Canadian history in digital format and to create resources that will enhance the use of digital materials in teaching and learning about Canadian history.

Canadian History Resources
General Links & Resources, Reference Desk, Canadian Women's History, Digital Library, Online Exhibits, Local & Regional History, Print Archives, Historical Societies & Organizations, Museums.

Canadian Illustrated News

The Canadian Illustrated News site is a selection of almost 4000 images of people, places and events across Canada and around the world taken from the popular 19th-century magazine.

Canadian Labour History

Social progress is the weight of laws designed to alleviate human suffering. In Canada, the Labour movement has been in the forefront of groups seeking such legislation, right from its earliest days.

Canadian Mail Order Catalogues
Mail order catalogues have been available in Canada since the 1880s. For years, they were eagerly awaited and much needed by the people living in our country's isolated regions. So beloved was the Eaton's catalogue, for example, that it became affectionately known by many nicknames: the Bible, the Prairie Bible, the Homesteaders' Bible, the Farmers' Bible, the Wishing Book, the Wish Book, the Want book and simply, the Book. Many other stores also produced catalogues that found their way into people's lives and hearts. This site provides an opportunity to delve into catalogues from a number of different stores, both English and French, from the 1880s to the 1970s.

Canadian Military Heritage Project
This site is dedicated to presenting Canadian military history -- the wars, uprisings and conflicts in which Canadians participated.

Canadian Military Medals and Decorations
A listing and description of each.

Canadian Olympians
The Canadian Olympians site provides a searchable images database of Canadian athletes at the Olympics, from the mid-1900s through 2000.

Canadian Poetry

Poetry, biographies, and bibliographies of more than seventy Canadian poets. Also provides information about literary events and awards, Canadian poetry journals and magazines, other poetry sites, and other related resources.

Canadian Postal Archives
In addition to offering an overview of the philatelic collections preserved by the National Archives of Canada, the Canadian Postal Archives site allows visitors to find information about every postage stamp issued by Canada and British North America since 1851.

Canadian War Artists
Canadian War Artists brings together the portraits of eighteen Canadian war artists who painted during the Second World War. These portraits, from the collections of the National Archives of Canada are displayed in alphabetical order and are accompanied by short biographies provided by personnel at the Canadian War Museum.

Canadian War Museum
The Canadian War Museum, the national military history museum, is a living memorial to those men and women who served in Canada's armed forces. It is also a centre for research and the dissemination of information and expertise on all aspects of the country's military past from the pre-contact era to the present. It preserves the artifacts of Canadian military experience, interprets them for present and future generations, and advances the professional study of Canadian military history, including the effects of war and conflict on the nation and all its citizens.

CBC News Indepth: The October Crisis
Documents, articles, timelines.

Celebrating Women’s Achievements
In each theme, you will find a selection of Canadian women who have made outstanding contributions. Each woman's life and achievements are described, followed by a list of suggested readings. The National Library adds a new theme to this site every year to celebrate Women's History Month. The theme for 2003 is Theatre and Dance.

Colonial Archives
The Colonial Archives Database contains over 70,000 detailed descriptions (file or item) of textual documents in the archival collection, pertaining primarily to the British and French colonial periods and archival collections relating to the Catholic Church. These documents are held by the National Archives of Canada in the form of originals, transcriptions, photocopies or microfilm copies. To date, over 50,000 images have been scanned and are available on-line.

Critical Acclaim
This exhibition presents a sampling of the many portraits in the National Archives of Canada; portraits which tell us about ourselves, our past and which guide us to the future. The portraits have been grouped around four themes, which are the space we live in, making Canadian society what it is, enlarging our minds and enriching our culture.

Cultivating Canadian Gardens: The History of Gardening in Canada
The exhibition, "Cultivating Canadian Gardens", tells the story of the development of gardening in Canada through the books, periodicals, and printed materials collected, for the most part, by the National Library of Canada. It begins with the earliest recorded information on the plantings of the Hurons who had been tending their crops long before Europeans arrived in North America, and concludes with a brief look at the flood of printed material now available across the country.

Culture Canada

A government guide to Canadian culture, heritage and recreation.

The Diary of William Lyon Mackenzie King
Increasingly, William Lyon Mackenzie King is viewed as one of Canada's greatest Prime Ministers. However, King's accomplishments are not restricted to the realm of politics. Throughout his entire adult life, King was a dedicated – one might even say driven – writer. Although King was an exceedingly prolific correspondent and the author of numerous books and articles, by far his most important literary project was the ongoing, daily writing of his diary, which began in 1893, while he was an undergraduate at the University of Toronto, and ended in 1950, a few days before his death at his beloved Kingsmere Estate. Taken together, the diary texts comprise nearly 30,000 pages (more than 7,500,000 words) and arguably represent one of Canada's greatest literary achievements. According to the noted critic Robert Fulford, King's diary "might turn out to be the only Canadian work of our century that someone will look at in 500 years."

Digital Collections: National Archives of Canada
Info-rich multimedia site providing access to the Archives' collections.

Digital Library of Canada
Library and archives of music, history and literature.

Documents on the October Crisis
Materials for a course which addresses Quebec history after the fall of New France; thus, it begins with the period of 1760-1763.

Dr. Mel Baker’s Homepage
Newfoundland and Labrador history.

Early Canadiana Online
Early Canadiana Online is a digital library providing access to over 1,330,000 pages of Canada's printed heritage.

Early Images of Canada: Illustrations from Rare Books
Canadian newspapers from 1752 to today.

Earth Sciences Information Centre

GEOSCAN is a bibliographic database containing more than 40 000 records covering all the publications of the Geological Survey of Canada.

Encyclopedia of Music in Canada

EMC aims to describe Canada's musical heritage and culture in its breadth and depth: the historic and current manifestations of popular, folk, religious, concert, and other forms of music, as well as Canadian music's educational, critical, administrative, and commercial aspects.

Engine of Immortality: Canadian Newspapers from 1752 to Today
The Anti-Slavery Society of Canada was the last of several short-lived anti-slavery societies in Canada. These societies were part of an international abolitionist movement supported by leading moral thinkers of the day in Britain, Europe and the United States. This 1851 Society was founded by the Honourable George Brown, later a Father of Confederation, his family and associates on February 26, 1851 in Toronto. The focus of the Society's attention was the United States since in Canada slavery had been in decline from 1793 and was formally abolished in 1834.

Expo '67
Flash online exhibit about the '67 World's Fair.

The Famous Five
Until 1929, one word denied women access to the Senate. The word "persons" in the British North America Act did not, or so it seemed, include women. However, as persons they were able to vote in all federal and most provincial elections. In 1927, five remarkable Alberta women contested, in the Supreme Court of Canada, the interpretation of the word "persons."

First Among Equals: The Prime Minister in Canadian Life and Politics
First Among Equals: The Prime Minister in Canadian Life and Politics is a project of Library and Archives Canada. This site replaces Canada Speaks and Prime Ministers of Canada: 1867-1996, two earlier websites that were funded by the SchoolNet Digital Collections Program of Industry Canada in 1996. Both sites have been integrated into this much larger website based on the National Archives exhibition First Among Equals: A National Archives Exhibition on Canada's Prime Ministers, which was co-curated in 1994 by John Bell, Maureen Hoogenraad and Susan North.

From Colony to Country
A Reader's Guide to Canadian Military History.

Geographical Names of Canada

Interactive and authoritative source of data with over 350,000 official and formerly official geographical names available in both English and French.

Guardians of the North: The National Superhero in Canadian Comic-Book Art
Comics and superheroes were made for each other. Since 1941, when original comic books were first published in Canada, Canadian comic artists have been drawn to the portrayal of our own national superheroes. The nine most significant costumed heroes to personify the Canadian spirit have been Nelvana of the Northern Lights, Johnny Canuck, Canada Jack, the Northern Light, Captain Canuck, Northguard, Capitaine Kébec, and two different Captain Canadas.

Mary Riter Hamilton: Traces of War
During the First World War, Mary Riter Hamilton actively campaigned to return to Europe as a war artist to document Canada’s military contribution. Not until 1919, six months after the end of the First World War, did Mary Riter Hamilton return to Europe. She undertook a “special mission” for the War Amputations of Canada. Her task was to provide paintings of the battlefields of France and Belgium for publication in a veterans’ magazine, The Gold Stripe. She subsequently stayed in Europe for several years, producing over 300 battlefield paintings during the years 1919 to 1922.

Heroes of Yore and Lore: Canadian Heroes in Fact and Fiction
The Anti-Slavery Society of Canada was the last of several short-lived anti-slavery societies in Canada. These societies were part of an international abolitionist movement supported by leading moral thinkers of the day in Britain, Europe and the United States. This 1851 Society was founded by the Honourable George Brown, later a Father of Confederation, his family and associates on February 26, 1851 in Toronto. The focus of the Society's attention was the United States since in Canada slavery had been in decline from 1793 and was formally abolished in 1834.

The History of Hydrography

Hydrography is the oldest science of the sea and is defined as "that Branch of applied science which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of the navigable portion of the Earth’s surface and adjoining coastal areas, with special reference to their use for the purpose of navigation". This definition is written in the Hydrographic Dictionary (1996) as published by The International Hydrographic Bureau and includes most of the prime functions of the Canadian Hydrographic Service today.

The History of the Northern Cod Fishery
History of Newfoundland cod fishery since the 18th Century.

History of the Northwest Mounted Police ( ): History of the Northwest Mounted Police, forerunner of the RCMP.

The History of the Royal Canadian Air Force
The history of Canada's Air Force traces it beginnings to the very early days of World War I when the Canadian Aviation Corps was formed on September 16, 1914 and consisted of two officers and one mechanic.

The History and Traditions of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets
The Royal Canadian Air Cadets is full of History and Traditions that have either been homegrown, or passed on from the Royal Canadian Air Force. We now carry a lot of the tradition from our forebearers, and it is up to us to respect all our traditions and history, and pass them on.

Hudson's Bay Company Archive
Information on the human and natural history of western and northern Canada and the western USA.

Images Canada
This web site explores just a few themes that characterize some Canadian heroes.

Important Moments in Canadian History

Essentially a timeline, from 9000 B.C. to the present.

Impressions: 250 Years of Printing . . . in the Lives of Canadians
During the last decade of the 20th century, the ever increasing use of the Internet as a source of information and communication has prompted some to predict the disappearance of the printed word. This exhibition is meant neither as a eulogy of printing, nor as a retrospective look at a form of communication about to be replaced, but rather as a reminder that printing in Canada, since its beginning in Halifax in 1751, has played a major role in the lives of Canadians, and that it will continue doing so.

Index to Federal Royal Commissions
Royal commissions, or commissions of inquiry, are appointed by Cabinet under the terms of the Inquiries Act in order to carry out full and impartial investigations of specific national problems. This index provides bibliographic access to materials associated with more than 200 federal Royal Commissions that have taken place since Confederation.

Indian Affairs Annual Reports
The Indian Affairs Annual Reports collection was first issued on CD-ROM in 1997. Through a cooperative effort between the National Library of Canada and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, the full text of these annual reports is now available on the Web.

Indian Treaties
Thirteen documents representing various types of arrangements between Aboriginal Peoples and representatives of the government of Canada have been selected for the SchoolNet Digital Collections project by the National Archives of Canada . These important documents from Record Group 10 (RG 10, Records relating to Indian Affairs) are a most valuable and timely resource which merits diffusion to a wide Canadian audience. The documents furnish the basis for a better understanding of the relationships between the two negotiating parties within the context of European settlement and land development on Canadian territory.

Inventory of Canadian Digital Initiatives
Provides descriptions of Canadian information resources created for the Web, including general digital collections, resources centred around a particular theme, and reference sources and databases.

The Jesuit Relations
This site contains entire English translation of the The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents. Searchable.

Library and Archives Canada ( ): We care for and share millions of documents of all kinds — films, maps, diaries, treaties, journals, art, government records, photographs, sound recordings and more.

Maritime History Archive
The Maritime History Archive collects and preserves original documents and copies of documents relating to the history of sea based activities in the north Atlantic region.

Paul Emile Miot: Photographs of Newfoundland and Cape Breton Island
This exhibition contains fifty photographs by the French photographer Paul-Émile Miot (1827-1900) taken during three hydrographic and fishing assistance campaigns by the French Navy between 1857 and 1859. Miot took these photographs along the shores of Newfoundland, Cape Breton Island and the French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon.

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage
Government site.

North: Landscape of the Imagination
The National Library has drawn on its collection of books, magazines, manuscripts and music to reveal the North of the artist. The collection contains a rich legacy of publications related to the North, one much broader and deeper than can be included in this exhibition. But it is one which lends itself naturally to the retelling of one strand of northern history - the North as experienced and recreated through the imagination of its artist.

On the Job
This photographic exhibition gives the viewer a closer look at these spaces and, more importantly, offers a perspective on the ordinary people who work within them. These people were not selected because of their fame or name, but for the ways in which they are representative of Canada and its economy, whether they are at work outdoors, underground, in a factory or in the home.

Origins of the RCMP ( ): A timeline of important moments in the development and history of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Includes a bibliography on the history of the RCMP.

Our Roots/Nos Racines

Our Roots: Canada's Local Histories Online brings Canadian history to life! This unique, online, coast-to-coast record of Canadian local histories reflects the breadth and depth of our country's heritage, and celebrates the diverse landscapes, resources, and people that have contributed to sculpting its rich and ever-evolving national character.

Pride and Dignity: Aboriginal Portraits
Pride and Dignity is an exhibition of over 60 photographic reproductions (c.1846 - c.1960) taken from the original exhibition Aboriginal Portraits from the National Archives of Canada produced by Edward Tompkins and Jeff Thomas, guest curator, and exhibited at the National Archives during the spring and summer of 1996.

Quebec History
Material of varied nature for the students registered in the class of HIS 951 - Quebec History, at Marianopolis College in Montreal. The course addresses Quebec history after the fall of New France; thus, it begins with the period of 1760-1763.

Real Stories: A Past in Miniatures
The miniature collection of the National Archives is one of the largest and most important in Canada. Like the larger portraits, these small, beautifully crafted pieces document the personalities important to Canadian history.

CANADA and all British North American colonies since 1783: Military History & Institutions.

Religion, Society and Culture in Newfoundland and Labrador
Extensive resources and links pertaining to these regions.

The Royal Canadian Legion
From the time of its formation in 1925-1926, the Legion has focussed its efforts on the fight to secure adequate pensions and other well-earned benefits for veterans and their dependants. Acting as an advocacy agency on pensioners' behalf, the Legion deals directly with the Federal Government to ensure ex-military personnel and their dependants are treated fairly. [. . .] The Royal Canadian Legion has assumed a major responsibility for perpetuating the tradition of Remembrance in Canada.

Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences
This site incorporates the full text of the Commission's 1951 Report in English and French. Part I of the Report consists of a survey of the many and varied subjects which the Commission had under review. Part II presents the recommendations of the Commission, 146 in all, under eight principal headings: Broadcasting (Radio Broadcasting and Television; National Film Board); Other Federal Institutions (The National Gallery, National Museums, Federal Libraries, Public Records And Archives, Historic Sites And Monuments); Aid to Universities; National Scholarships; Scientific Research under the Federal Government; Information Abroad; a Council for the Arts, Letters, Humanities and Social Sciences.

Soldiers of the First World War
Over 600,000 Canadians enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) during the First World War (1914-1918). The CEF database is an index to those personnel files, which are held by the National Archives. To date, over 800,000 images of Attestation papers have been scanned and are being made available on-line.

Sporting Lives: Images of Canadian Athletes
In this year, which marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the 1976 Montréal Olympic Games, the National Archives of Canada, in conjunction with the IV Games of La Francophonie, is proud to present Sporting Lives: Images of Canadian Athletes , a tribute to the men and women who have excelled in professional and amateur sports from the birth of Confederation to the present. All the images were selected from the National Archives’ vast collections of photographs, posters, letters, poems, drawings, philatelic artwork, films and television programs that show our athletes at various stages of their lives, in both competitive and informal settings. The images showcase the way that society has regarded the men and women who have created Canada’s tradition of excellence in sports.

Through a Lense: Dieppe Through Photography and Film
In the spring of 1942, the Allies planned a large raid on German occupied territory to take place during the first week of July 1942. Code-named "Operation Rutter," the objective was the French port of Dieppe.

Tracing the History of New France
This exhibition presents a selection of documents, the originals of which are held by the National Archives of Canada and several printed items from the National Library of Canada . All these documents, grouped into eight themes, paint a picture of the New France era.

Treaty 8
First negotiated in late June 1899, Treaty 8 embraced an area in northwestern Canada of some 840,000 square kilometres — more than three and a half times the size of Great Britain. At the time, it was not only the largest land settlement undertaken by the Canadian government with First Nations, but also the first to recognize that the "aboriginal title" of Indians and Métis are co-existent.

Veterans Affairs Canada, History
Focused on military history of the 20th century.

Victory Bonding: Wartime Messages from Canada’s Government
Roll back fifty years and more to see and hear the messages that mobilized Canadians and sustained collective energies throughout the Second World War.

Virtual Museum of New France

Museum site.

War Diaries of the First World War
This database contains the digitised War Diaries of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) units. From the start of the First World War, CEF units were required to maintain a daily account of their “Actions in the Field.” This log was called a War Diary. The War Diaries are not personal diaries, rather they are a historical record of a unit’s administration, operations and activities during the First World War.

WWW-VL History: Canadian History
General resources about Canadian history, including chronology and basic topic indexes.

Chinese and East Asian History

The Internet East Asian History Sourcebook
Extensive origin, religion, history, and cultural resources.
The Civil War

Abraham Lincoln's Assassination
Lincoln assassination/research site with material on Mary Todd Lincoln and profiles of the conspirators as well. Geared mainly for young students but useful for adults as well.

American Civil War
Thorough encyclopedic exploration of the war.

American Civil War Homepage
Detailed resource about the war, including images, music, battles and campaigns, fictional accounts, etc.

American Surgical Antiques and Civil War Surgery
On display are examples of amputation and surgical sets by some of the most famous American makers of the 1800's.

Interactive, well- indexed site providing a good overview of the war. Chronology indexed by state.

Over 1,000 Civil War Images, Photographs and Cartes de Visites including Army Life, United States and Confederate Government Officers, Union and Confederate Generals and Soldiers, Civilians, Battle Field Photos, Casualties, Infantry Units, Cavalry Units, Artillery Units, Engineering Units, Navy Units and Vessels, Prisoners, Hospitals and Doctors, Factories, Quartermaster, Lincoln Assassination Conspirators and much more.

Civil War Medicine
Excellent collection of information, with a page of links to many more sites on the same topic.

Civil War Photographs
The Selected Civil War Photographs Collection contains 1,118 photographs. Most of the images were made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady, and include scenes of military personnel, preparations for battle, and battle after-effects. The collection also includes portraits of both Confederate and Union officers, and a selection of enlisted men.

The Civil War at a Glance
A good introduction to and overview of the war.

Civil War Women
Duke University's manuscript collections documenting women's experiences in the Civil War.

Quotes and unusual facts.

Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History

The editors and more than 250 distinguished contributors present some 1600 alphabetically arranged, concise articles on every aspect of the period, supplemented by informative battle maps and many of the most famous period black-and-white photographs in crisp, clear reproductions.

From Revolution to Reconstruction
A Hypertext on American History from the colonial period until Modern Times.

Letters Home
These letters are part of a collection written by Newton Robert Scott, Private, Company A, of the 36th Infantry, Iowa Volunteers.

Timeline of the War
A detailed timeline with photographs.

US Civil War Factbook

Timelines, facts, book listings.

The Cold War

CNN Special on the Cold War
Experience CNN's landmark documentary series: Navigate interactive maps, see rare archival footage online, learn more about the key players, read recently declassified documents, and tour Cold War capitals through 3-D images.

The Cold War
Extensive encyclopedic entries about the events and players of the Cold War.

Cold War International History Project
The Cold War International History Project disseminates new information and perspectives on the history of the Cold War, in particular new findings from previously inaccessible sources on "the other side" -- the former Communist world.

Cold War Links
Links to Cold War sites; from a course site.

Cold War Policies
Chronological exploration covering 1945-1991.

Cold War Project
Documents, photos, indexed lists and accounts.

Cold War Warriors
Glossary and interactive 3D images.

Questia entries for "McCarthyism"
Books and articles.

Costuming and Clothing

Clothes and the Man : The Principles of Fine Men's Dress, by Alan Flusser

Highly recommended reference on men's style, together with a group of other books by the same author on clothing and style guides for men.

Costume History at the Costumer's Manifesto
Lots of resources and information related to costume, organized by time period.

demode: costume in cinema
A review site for costuming in historical cinema, divided by historical period.

Gentleman: A Timeless Fashion by Bernhard Roetzel, Cologne, Konemann, 1999.
A guide to classic good taste in men's clothing and grooming. It's beautifully illustrated (pretty men, too). Includes illustrated discussions of fabric types, construction of clothing items and shoes, details such as collar shapes and shoe detailing, fittings for suits (English and Italian), the history of taste and convention -- for the foreign country of men's clothing and traditional taste, it's a revelation, a joy, and an inspiration. Apparently out of print now, it's available on sale tables in Borders and Barnes and Noble.

Crime and Punishment

American Mafia
Discussion forums, photos, an overview of Mafia family cities, and links.

The Complete Newgate Calendar
(or Malefactor's Bloody Register) Searchable account of Newgate inmates and their crimes, with complete text and illustrations. The original series of this work, by R. Sanders, was published in five volumes in 1760 and narrated notorious crimes from 1700 till then.  There were many later editions.  Later series were issued from about 1820 as the Newgate Calendar, and the New Newgate Calendar appeared weekly in 1863-65.

The Crime Library
Court TV's online resource page containing information about notorious crimes and criminals, gangsters, the criminal mindset, etc.

Famous Trials
Great coverage of a number of infamous trials, with informational links and photos.

History of Judicial Hanging in Britain
Comprehensive view of history, methods, photos, hangings.

Jack the Ripper
The world's largest public repository of Ripper-related information.

Powys County Archives
Contemporary records from the Powys County Archives on crime and punishment in the counties of Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire and Breconshire in earlier times.

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey London
A fully searchable online edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing accounts of over 100,000 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court.

Victorian Child Criminals
Two documents detailing particular child criminals in the Victorian era, with some background info.
European History

EU History

History of European Integration Site, with links to historical documents, articles and resources regarding integration.

Primary Historical Documents from Western Europe; Selected Transcriptions, Facsimiles and Translations.

History of the European Union
Background of the union, from the early 20th Century on.

The History of the European Union

Key events indexed by year.


The Barren Lands
This site documents two exploratory surveys of the Barren Lands region west of Hudson Bay, in northern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and the area now known as Nunavut. Drawing on materials from the J.B. Tyrrell, James Tyrrell and related collections at the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto, it includes over 5,000 images from original field notebooks, correspondence, photographs, maps and published reports.

The Canadian West

The National Archives of Canada presents this virtual exhibition. A gateway to the large-scale digitization of selected holdings. Topics include the fur trade, scientific expeditions, aboriginal claims and urbanization.

The Champlain Collection

Sixty two of the Champlain Society's most important volumes (more than 31,000 printed pages) dealing with exploration and discovery over three centuries. It includes first-hand accounts of Samuel de Champlain's voyages in New France as well as the diary from Sir John Franklin's first land expedition to the Arctic, 1819-22.

Emigration and Bush Life: Susanna Moodie and Catharine Parr Traill

The conditions and challenges of emigrants' lives in 19th-century Canada as reflected in the lives and writings of Catharine Parr Traill and Susanna Moodie.

Endurance by Frank A. Worsley
An Epic of Polar Endurance. The true story of Sir Ernest Shackleton, Antarctic Explorer, and the ill-fated Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition.

Exploration, the Fur Trade, and Hudson’s Bay Company

This site is about the fur trade in Canada and how it led to the exploration of the country and the formation of the oldest and largest company in Canadian history: Hudson's Bay Company.

Female Explorers
This site is dedicated to all the women who dared, and continue to dare, to explore the world around them.

Historic HBC

Presents stories, information and photographs about the Hudson's Bay Company and Canada's early history.

In Pursuit of Adventure: The Fur Trade in Canada and the NWC

a scholarly research site, which illustrates and documents, in part, the heroic age of the fur trade in Canada by examining the exploits of the North West Company and other Montreal-based fur trading companies at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century.

The James Caird Society
A charitable organization dedicated to the memory of those instrumental in the discovery of Antarctica. Information and links pertaining to Shackleton and other matters Antarctic.

The Jesuit Relations

This site contains entire English translation of the The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, originally compiled and edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites and published by The Burrows BrothersCompany, Cleveland, throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century. Each file represents the total English contents of a single published volume. The original work has facing pages in the original French, Latin or Italian, depending on the author.

Pathfinders & Passageways: The Exploration of Canada

The men and women who have contributed to the exploration of this country are innumerable. For this presentation, a selection has been made of those considered to have directly furthered the geographical understanding of what is now Canada.

Walking Out of History
Minnesota Public Radio presents the true story of the Endurance expedition.

First Nations

The Cherokee Trail of Tears
Timeline, links, and articles retracing The Trail of Tears.

First Nations Histories
Searchable, indexed by nations, and includes a geographic overview.

Native Web
Resources for Indigenous Cultures around the World.
Food and Dining

Dangerous Tastes by Andrew Dalby
The story of spices and aromatics, and what they've meant in human history.

Food History Timeline
19th and 20th Century Timeline: Edibles and Quaffables.

Francesco Sirene, Spicer
Purveyors of goods for historical cookery and living.

A Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Food: Processing and Consumption by Ann Hagen
How food was grown, conserved, prepared and eaten during the period from the beginning of the 5th century to the 11th century.

The History of Food by Maguelonne Toussaint-Samat

From prehistoric mead to the Irish potato famine to caviar, if it's edible it's here with its story.

Much Depends upon Dinner by Margaret Visser
The extraordinary history and mythology, allure and obsessions, perils and taboos, of an ordinary meal.

Tastes of Paradise: A Social History of Spices, Stimulants, and Intoxicants by Wolfgang Schivelbusch
A highly readable (if a little shallow) overview of the impact of the introduction of various substances in Europe--similar to Dangerous Tastes, but more sociological and broader in its approach because instead of just doing spices he does choclate, coffee, snuff, etc.
French History

An overview of recent French history, covering primarily military and political history of the 20th Century.
German History

Berlin Wall History

Explores the history and present of the Berlin Wall.

German History
Encyclopedia of German history in the 20th Century.

German-American History and Heritage
Biographies, online books, essays and other resources about German-American heritage.

History of Germany
Focused on the history of Germany as it relates to recent German history.

Nazi Germany
German foreign policy from 1932-1945.

Weimar History
The Weimar Republic after the first World War.
Irish History

Chronology of Ireland
Pre-1600 to present.

Northern Ireland Conflict
Information and source material on 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland from 1968 to the present. Also includes information on politics in the region and Northern Ireland society.

Orthodox Ireland: History
Articles and resources relating to the history of the Orthodox Church in Ireland and throughout the British Isles. Excellent resource.
Labor and Labor Laws

Child Labor
Encyclopedia entries on Life in the Factory, Factory Reformers, Supporters of Child Labor, Factory Workers, Tactics and Issues, Factory Acts and Statistics.

Child Labor in the United States
The Campaign to End Child Labor, including cartoons, photos, poems, legislation, occupations, organizations, etc.

Trade Union movement
Encyclopedia entries on trade unions and unionists.

Women's Labor History
Links to numerous resources regarding women's labor.

The 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue by Captain Grose (reviewed by Janis Cortese
Date Published: 1811
Review: Every wondered what a beard-splitter or a buck fitch was? Ever needed to have your character call someone something rude and you weren't sure how they'd put it? This link is a treasure trove of tacky, crude, and just plain ordinary language for anyone writing in a historical fandom set in the 18th and 19th century. Hornblower,
Highlander, and POB enthusiasts, take note!

18th Century Slang
A listing of 18th Century slang compiled by Leon Bienkowski and posted to the Revlist in 11 installments–last posting in June, 2000.

How to Speak 19th Century
Early 19th Century Vocabulary.

The Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
A popular browsing book from the 1870s, presented as hypertext.

The Origin of Phrases
Collection of phrases with their origins.

Swearing: A Social History of Foul Language, Oaths and Profanity in English by Geoffry Hughes
The history of swearing from Anglo-Saxon traditions and the Middle Ages, through Shakespeare, the Enlightenment and the Victorians, to the 'Lady Chatterley' trial and current trends.

Wayne Magnuson: English Idioms
Sayings and slang.
Magic, Religion, Philosophy and Mythology

Boethius: The Consolation of Philosophy
A translation of this highly influential work, with commentary.

Early Christian Writings
Extensive and well-organized collection of texts from the New Testament, Apocrypha, Gnostics and Church Fathers. The texts are also available on CD. He also has a new site: Early Jewish Writings.

The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion by James George Sir Frazer
A century-old comparative work on mythology and magic, now criticized by some.

The Gregory of Nyssa Homepage
These translations (some with introductions) are by Richard McCambly, a Cistercian monk of St. Joseph's Abbey in Spencer, Massachusetts. He has published translations of many of Gregory's works, including the Song of Songs Commentary and the Commentary on The Inscriptions of The Psalms, both published by Hellenic College Press. Other translations have appeared in scholarly journals. This page is maintained by David A. Salomon, a PhD in English literature who teaches English, Philosophy, and Humanities at Black Hills State University.

The History Guide: Lectures on Intellectual History
Abelard to Nietzsche. These lectures were written over the past five years and served as the basis for an upper division European intellectual history and history of European socialism classes at Florida Atlantic University and Meredith College.

The Internet Sacred Text Archive
Extensive collection of sacred texts from dozens of cultures and religions. Also available on CD.

The Online Library of Liberty
Numerous essays and letters on the subject of liberty, including many written in the 18th century and after.

The Radical Academy
Extensive resources in classical and contemporary thought.

Religion and the Decline of Magic by Keith Thomas
Magic and the Reformation. Covers 16th to 17th Century England, including the prosecution of witches.

Religion and Society
Detailed overview of the most significant figures in Western religion and religious social reform.

The Sacred Text Archive
World Religions, Traditions, and Mysteries. An archive of electronic texts about religion, mythology, legends and folklore, and occult and esoteric topics. Texts are presented in English translation and, in some cases, in the original language.

(excellent resource, Moonjaguar, thanks!)

The Thoemmes Continuum
The history of ideas, from the 17th to the 20th centuries.

Witchcraft in Europe by Alan Charles Kors (Editor), Edward Peters (Editor)
400-1700: A Documentary History (Middle Ages Series, University of PA Press)

Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Middle Ages by Karen Jolly, et al
The Middle East

Abzu is a site trying to compile all the available online data on the ancient Near East. Perhaps too archaeological, philological or historical, but still invaluable.

Internet Islamic History Sourcebook
A collection of articles spanning ancient, medieval and modern Islamic history.

Education center, with resources on Islamic culture, history, language, etc.

Jewish Virtual Library
The most comprehensive online Jewish encyclopedia in the world, covering everything from anti-Semitism to Zionism. So far, more than 8,000 articles and 4,000 photographs and maps have been integrated into the site. The Library has 13 wings: History, Women, The Holocaust, Travel, Israel & The States, Maps, Politics, Biography, Israel, Religion, Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress, Vital Statistics and Reference.

The Land and Its People
Reference site for UAE traditions and cultures.

Middle East, 1917 to 1973
A collection of articles giving an overview to recent Middle Eastern history.

Middle East and Jewish Studies
An ongoing compilation of electronic bibliographic resources and research materials on the Middle East and North Africa (in the broadest sense) available on the global Internet, created under the purview of the Middle East Studies Department of Columbia University Libraries. Electronic resources from the Middle East are organized by region, country and subject. All materials are arranged to encourage an awareness of authorship, type of information, and subject.

Palestine History
Articles and illustrated timelines, 1900-present.

Beej's Pirate Image Archive
Pirates, Battles, Ships, Punishment, Pirate Fun, Documents and Maps, Howard Pyle Images, and links.

Blindkat's Pirates of the Caribbean
Dedicated to the Golden Age of Piracy, particularly in the Caribbean.

Booty: Girl Pirates on the High Seas
Basic information about female pirates, and some links for learning more.

Brethren of the Coast
Lots of resources and info, though a bit hard to read and rife with midi music.

Cutthroat Pirates
Focusing mainly on piracy's Golden Age (1700-30). 28 Biographies of Famous Pirates as well as a few other interesting characters, details of a couple of the Major Caribbean Pirate Strongholds, a Piracy Timeline providing summaries of major piratical events from 1400 B.C., etc.

Le Diable Volant
Privateers and Pirates of Jamaica and Hispaniola and other places in America in the second half of the XVIIth Century.

A General History of Pyrates by Daniel Defoe
Still readable and still the major source of information about pirates (including the 'dread Pirate Roberts') and piracy in the first quarter of the 18th century.

The History of Pirates by Angus Konstam and David Cordingly
A chronicle of thievery, murder, and torture on the high seas.

Isle of Tortuga
History, definitions, links and full text period documents.

Open Directory Pirate Links
Links to pirate sites on the web.

The Pirate Game
Pirate Glossary: Being a guide to talking like a pirate.

Pirate Licences and Documents of Interest
Historic Maritime Documents of the Sea.

The Pirate's Hold
Information, images, and sources on pirates, concentrated on the historical aspects.

Pirates! Fact & Legend
History of pirates, pirate biographies, details of pirate life (nice resource) and a message board.

Pirates and Privateers
The History of Maritime Piracy, with links and reviews of the latest novels, research books, and children's books on maritime piracy and its related subjects.

Pirates of the Spanish Main
Links to a number of articles and sites related to pirates. Some broken links.

Pyrate's Providence
The New Pyrate's Providence is a project for the sake of itself...and the love of things pyratical.

The Salacious Historian's Lair
Pirates of the Carribean Fanfic Writers' Resources.

Swashbuckler's Cove
Dedicated to the Golden Age of Piracy from 1680 to 1725. History, links, and a nautical dictionary.

Under the Black Flag by David Cordingly
The romance and the reality of life among the pirates.
Russian History

Russian History
Encyclopedic entries, 1860 to present.

Russian Revolution
Extensive encyclopedia entries on the Revolution, 1914-1920.

Russian Revolution
Internet modern history sourcebook: The Tsarist State, Russian Revolution, Bolshevik Rule to 1924, and Stalinism.

The Russian Revolution
A resource page of links to web resources about the Revolution.

Stalin Biographical Chronicle
Indexed by year, providing chronological account of events.

Stalin Reference Archive
Archive of Joseph Stalin's writings, plus photographs and a biography.

The Trotsky Archive
Archive of Leon Trotsky's writings, plus photographs and a biography.
Science and Medicine

Arabic Medicine
Investigates the topic of Arabic and Islamic medicine through time.

Martha Ballard's Diary Online
A site that shows you how to piece together the past from the fragments that have survived. Their case study: Martha Ballard. Martha Ballard wrote in her diary nearly every day from January 1, 1785 to May 12, 1812 (27 years) for a total of almost 10,000 entries. This site allows you to search the entire diary for text, keywords, dates, etc.

History of Biomedicine
Large collection of links to web resources on medicine, including practices of indigenous peoples, eastern cultures, etc., from a historical perspective.

A History of Medicine
A general history, very broad, from Ancient Egypt to present.

Index of Medieval Medical Images
The Index of Medieval Medical Images project began in 1988 and aimed to describe and index the content of all medieval manuscript images (up to the year 1500) with medical components held in North American collections. The goal of this 2001 pilot project was to make a substantial sample of the images and descriptions available via a searchable database on the Web.

National Museum of Health and Medicine
Information and photos of their exhibits and collections.
Scottish History

The Highland Clearances
Stories of individual people, in some cases of their greed and in others of their suffering.

National Archives of Scotland
Main archive for sources of the history of Scotland as a separate kingdom, her role in the British isles and the links between Scotland and many other countries over the centuries.

Red Clydeside
A history of the labor movement in Glasgow, 1910-1932.

Scottish History
The BBC's ‘In Search of Scotland’ is a ten-part television series presented by Fiona Watson that questions the nature of Scottish national identity through an expansive and detailed historical investigation of the country’s history.

Scottish History
Over 8,000 pages of accounts of battles, regiments, and general history of Scotland. Includes complete books, and a site search engine that links related events. More historical information in the Scottish Clans section.

Scottish Military History Discussion Forum
Part of the Scots at War Project Web Site. For those interested in any aspect of Scottish military history or Scotland in wartime.

Sexuality in History

Gay History and Literature
An extensive online collection of essays by Rictor Norton.

The Construction of Homosexuality by David F. Greenberg
A magisterial study that places homosexuality in a cross-cultural and trans-historical context.

Gay and Lesbian Regional History
Information, timelines and links to other resources regarding the history of homosexuality in specific regions, including the South (U.S.) and the Northwest. Also includes overview resources about queer history.

History of Sodomy Laws in the U.S.

Includes the definitive legal history of sodomy laws in the United States, and links to other articles about the history of sodomy laws. Very informative.

The Internet Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans History Sourcebook
People with a History presents the history of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and transgendered people. It includes hundreds of original texts, discussions, and images, and addresses LGBT history in all periods, and in all regions of the world.

Lesbian History Project
A Lesbian History Research Site.

The Myth of the Modern Homosexual by Rictor Norton
Queer history and the search for cultural unity.

Sexualia from Prehistory to Cyberspace edited by Clifford Bishop and Xenia Osthelder

Think of this as The Big Book Of Sex. Its articles are lavishly illustrated and somewhat scholarly, but it sure needed a proofreader. On the other hand, it's got a great close-up of the Warren cup and there aren't many books with a good photograph of a 19th century "Rogering Stool" upholstered in brocade with gilt decoration, are there?

Sexualia Mundi by Cliford Bishop and Xenia Osthelder
A detailed history and cross-cultural study of sexuality.

Sex in History by Reay Tannahill
An overview of sexual relationships throughout history.


Black Peoples of the Americas
The history of the European and American slave trade, with photos and illustrations.

The Bristol Slavery Trail
Aims to show what the handsome squares and quaint buildings of a pleasant English city have to do with one of the ugliest and most destructive events in human history -- the Transatlantic slave trade.
Chronology on the History of Slavery and Racism
Compiled from Archive, library and Internet source documentation, this timeline on Slavery and in part the History of Racism, has been used to guide the direction of independent research into the history of enslaved Americans of African descent at historic sites located at the National Zoo, in Washington, DC. Hopefully, this compilation of American history will help others who undertake similar tasks.

Slave accounts, the Slave System, and the history of slavery in America.
The Spanish Civil War

About the Spanish Civil War
History, essays, photos and art.

Spanish Civil War
Extremely detailed look at the players and events of the war.

Spanish Civil War Factbook
Timelines, bibliographies, and details about military strategies and events.

Spanish Civil War Portal
Teacher and student project that chronicles the various European responses to the Spanish War of 1936-39.

The Spanish Civil War Remembered
Interviews with the last survivors.

The Spanish Revolution
The role of anarchism in the Spanish Revolution.
Spies and Espionage

The Enigma 2000 Newsletter
Articles, news reports and items of interest regarding international intelligence.

History of MI5
Hyperlinked encyclopedia article tracing the history of MI5 from 1907 to the present.

Information and Secrecy
Written for the general reader, Burke's volume provides the first view of the relationships among America's librarians, cryptanalysts and educators as they created information science, computerized codebreaking, and the modern research university.

International Spy Museum in Washington, D.C.
MacGeorge has volunteered her help to anyone who needs information or research from the Spy Museum.

The History of MI5 and MI6
Some of the Service’s history has been well known for many years, but it is only recently that a policy has been adopted of trying to put as much additional information as possible into the public domain.

Spies and Spymasters
Encyclopedia entries on many "names" of the intelligence services.
Trade, Commerce and Money

Colonial Currency
This project features descriptions and images of paper currencies of early America through the 1790's.

Coins from the Past
Images of historic coins.

Current Value of Old Money
Tools and online sources for helping to determine changes in the value of money over time.

Economic History Services
EH.Net operates the Economic History Services fileserver and several electronic discussion lists to provide resources and promote communication among scholars in economic history and related fields.

The History of Money by Jack Weatherford
From cowries to ATMs.

Opium by Martin Booth

Opium's impact on world culture--from its religious use by prehistoric cultures to its influence on Romantic writers--from medical science to the Opium Wars to the present.

Perfume Museum Barcelona
A great website with lots of cross-cultural history and images.
U.S. History

Documents for the Study of American History, 1400-2000.

American Memory
A gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States. The site offers more than 7 million digital items from more than 100 historical collections.

American Merchant Marine at War
Dedicated to the Mariners who died in service of their country during all Wars, including Revolutionary War, World War II, Korea, Vietnam; and their U.S. Naval Armed Guard shipmates.

The American Presidency
Life and death in the White House.

Arlington National Cemetery Historical Information
Five-Star Officers - Generals and Admirals: Name, Date of Rank, Place of Burial.

Arlington National Cemetery
Photo Gallery: Armed Service Funerals.

The Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy
Digital documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. Hyperlinked for cross-referencing.

Aviation History
A timeline of actions by US air forces.

The Center for Constitutional Studies
Constitutional history source documents.

Civil Rights Movement
Encyclopedia entries on the players, events, issues and organizations involved in the Civil Rights movement, 1860-present.

The Connecticut Historical Society
Online exhibits and other resources pertaining to the history of Connecticut, plus in-depth information about what the CHS museum offers.

The Depression Papers of Herbert Hoover
An extensive collection of Herbert Hoover's official papers and public statements that relate directly or indirectly to his economic policy in the Great Depression.

Digital History
Great resource site for American history topics. Documents, textbooks, multimedia, exhibits, references, essays, etc.

Discovering Lewis and Clark
Multimedia interpretive episodes that focuses on issue, values and visions relating to the Lewis and Clark Expedition, its preludes, and its aftermath up to the present time.

FBI Electronic Reading Room
Electronic documents taken from the Freedom of Information Act Reading Room at FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C.

Fireside Chats of Franklin D. Roosevelt
Complete text of FDR's radio addresses.

History Matters
Designed for high school and college teachers of U.S. History courses. This site serves as a gateway to Web resources and offers useful materials for teaching U.S. history.

Medal of Honor
History and background of the Congressional Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor Database - Reports
Allows you to do a custom search on various criteria for reports of Medal of Honor recipients and ceremonies.

Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea
Mystic Seaport is home to one of the most important collections in the nation, including some 75,000 objects, 500 watercraft, 1+ million photographs, and 1.5 million feet of film, all of which tell the fascinating story of America and the Sea. Their e-collection contains numerous source documents.

Naval Historical Centre
Official history program of the Department of the Navy. Many resources for learning about U.S. naval history.

The New Deal
Encyclopedia entries on the personalities, legislation and photographers of the New Deal.

New Deal Network
Archives, discussion forums, lesson plans, documents, photos, etc.

Our Documents
Repository for milestone documents of the U.S., from the Lee Resolution of 1776 through 1965.
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
Historical Maps of the United States.

Old stock certificate superstore. Also sells historic postcards, labels, bonds, etc.

SHG Resources
Timelines for the state histories of all 50 states.

Encyclopedic annotated text covering all of American history.

U.S. Airforce Museum
Overview of the history of the U.S. Airforce.

U.S. History
Encyclopedia overview of the most significant events in U.S. history.

U.S. Political Figures
Encyclopedia overview of the most significant politicians and political parties in U.S. history.

U.S. Navy Service and Campaign Medals
History and recipents.

Vassar History, 1792-1975
A selective chronology of Vassar College history.

Without Sanctuary
Lynching Photography in America, collected by James Allen.

Detailed documentation of the Watergate scandal, with chronology, historical context, Nixon speeches, legal actions, aftermath and analysis.
The Vietnam War

A-1 Skyraider Combat Journal
An online book: the mission-by-mission account of the author's year long combat tour in Southeast Asia flying a Douglas A-1 Skyraider.

American Experience/Vietnam
PBS Vietnam website, with program transcripts, timelines and references.

Australian Involvement in Vietnam
Extensive collection of links to information about Australian forces in the war.

Fall of Saigon Stories
First-hand Vietnamese accounts of the war, and links to other sites.

Vietnam, Stories Since the War
PBS's site, designed as a place for personal stories and dialogues about Vietnam's legacy.

Vietnam War
Encyclopedia overview of the people, places and events of the war.

The Virtual Wall
Personal remembrances of letters, photographs, tributes, poetry, and citations honoring those women and men named on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC.

The Wars for Viet Nam
Developed around the course materials for Robert Brigham's senior seminar on the Viet Nam War at Vassar College, this site offers students an opportunity to examine some of the direct sources of information from the period, including numerous official documents.

Women in Vietnam
Site that chronicles women who served in Vietnam.

A History of Wales by John Davies (reviewed by Janis Cortese)
Length: 686 pgs. not including index
Date Published: 1990 in Welsh, 1993 in English
Review: This is the most comprehensive history of Wales that's ever been written, and that's saying something. There have been many such histories written over the centuries, but in centuries to come, scholars will be referring to Davies's book as the calibration point. First published in Welsh and then translated, it covers everything from the Stone Age to the late twentieth century, including some periods that have been brushed over in many histories, such as the centuries following the downfall of the principality with the death of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd.

It's engaging and interesting, and does not intimidate. As an American reader, I must admit that I'm unfamiliar with a lot of concepts that Davies takes for granted will be familiar to his audience, but it doesn't cripple my understanding or the book's usefulness to me.

It's sine qua non for any cambrophile's bookshelf. The only blot on the book's career is that the Welsh version is now very hard to come by, whereas the English is easily purchased.

The Castles of Wales
Photos and information.

South Wales Coalfield Collection
Variety of archival media giving an insight into the experience of the South Wales Valleys during a period (1970s) of industrial turmoil both from an institutional and personal perspective.


Presents social and political campaigning in Wales during the twentieth century through the use of digitised images of original documents, photographs and sound and video files.
Women in History

American Nurses Association Hall of Fame
A lasting tribute to nurses whose dedication and achievements have significantly impacted the nursing profession throughout the years.

American Women
A gateway to Library of Congress resources for the study of women's history and culture in the United States.

American Women in Uniform
Military women veterans -- yesterday, today, tomorrow.

Distinguished Women of Past and Present
Biographies of women who contributed to our culture in many different ways. Included are writers, educators, scientists, heads of state, politicians, civil rights crusaders, artists, entertainers, and others.

An expanding series of studies of gendercides against men and women worldwide. These case studies include both current and historical events (e.g., the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Jewish Holocaust), and "background" institutions that often exhibit gendercidal characteristics (e.g., maternal mortality, corvée labour).

Great Women
Biographies of women included in the National Women's Hall of Fame.

Internet Women's History Sourcebook
Presents online documents and secondary discussions which reflect the various ways of looking at the history of women within broadly defined historical periods and areas.

Jewish Women's Archive
Exhibits, lesson plans, and virtual archival collections documenting the lives and experiences of North American Jewish women.

Suffrage, British and Suffrage, US
Detailed encyclopedia entries.

Women in American History

Brittanica encyclopedia chronicles of women in American history, from 1600-present. Includes media gallery and period essays, letters, etc.

The Women's Library
A mapping initiative, funded by the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) to identify and develop access to women's history sources in the British Isles.

Women Warriors Throughout History
3500BC to the 20th Century. Biographical details, links, references, illustrations and further information.

Women in World History
Information and resources about women’s history in a global, non- U.S., context. Includes biographies, lessons, essays, book reviews, Q&As and links.
World War I

Aces and Aircraft of WWI
Indexed info about the air war.

Art of the First World War
100 paintings from international collections to commemorate the 80th anniversary of the war.

The Austro-Hungarian Land Forces
Documents the organisational history of the land forces of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy from just prior to the outbreak of the Great War until the collapse of the monarchy in 1918.

BBC - History- World War One
Information on various WWI subjects.

Canada and the First World War
From 1914 to 1918, thousands of Canadian men and women were called upon to contribute to the effort required for the First World War, an event that transformed our nation, culture, economy and identity. This exhibition is designed to illustrate, through the National Archives of Canada's collections, the many roles that Canadian men and women played during the First World War, and the definite mark the war left on our society.

The Canadian Great War Homepage

An overview of Canada's role in this terrible conflict which cost the lives of more than 56,500 Canadian soldiers.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Database listing the 1.7 million men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars and the 23,000 cemeteries, memorials and other locations world-wide where they are commemorated. The register can also be searched for details of the 67,000 Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action in the Second World War.

The Doughboy Center
The story of the American Expeditionary Forces.

Echo in My Heart
Complete book online. This is a first-hand account of life in Canada, England and on the battlefields of France during the early part of the 20th century. The correspondence between an exceptional couple spans the time of their early courtship, engagement and marriage and their separation when Fred Albright went overseas in World War 1.

Encylopaedia of World War One
Military, political and social information.

Experience of War
Poems, prose, drama and other writings about the war.

The First World War

Veterans Affairs Canada site.

First World War.com
Thorough exploration of the war, with lots of visuals.

For King and Emire: Canada’s Soldiers in the Great War
Stories of Canadian Soldiers in WWI, contributed by their families.

Graphic Witness
Graphic depictions of national leaders and military and civilian life, as illustrated by artists both before and during World War I. These images were originally published in magazines, books, posters and postcards. The artists are French, German, Italian, Dutch, British and American.

The Great War in Flanders Field
Interactive website offering information about World War I in the Westhoek. The central database includes all monuments, sites, locations, cemeteries, etc. Also includes important events of the Great War, a reading list, the museums, links and extensive historical information.

The Heritage of the Great War
Dedicated to the events and consequences of World War One. The site puts some emphasis on unorthodox and thought-provoking points of view. They are averse to historicism and we show people rather than strategic plans or statistics. To this end this site features one of the most extensive and explicit WW-1 photo collections on the Internet.

Internment of Ukrainians in Canada
The purpose of these pages is to inform the general population about the Canadian Government's internment of Ukrainian Canadians in Concentration Camps in Canada during the period of 1914-1920.

Memorial Flight Association
The Memorial Flight is a non-profit organisation formed in 1988 which aims to preserve French and European aeronautical heritage. [...] Our action is mainly centered on an interesting period of our history in the field of technology and mankind: the First World War.

Newfoundland and the Great War

Based on glass plate images located in and provided by the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador in St. John’s, supplemented with images from elsewhere, this site provides an introduction to what was experienced by the people of Newfoundland and Labrador during the Great War. The main sections deal with the home front, Newfoundland’s participation in the war, and the commemoration of the war after 1918.

Over The Front
The League of World War I Aviation Historians is a non-profit organization whose goals include the accumulation, preservation, and publication of factual data concerning aerial activity of World War I.

Rosebud’s WWI and Early Aviation Image Archive
From the realization of powered flight by an obscure Bavarian emigrant to the weapons of aerial destruction used by Richthofen's Flying Circus, this project attempts to archive vintage photographs of flying machines flown during the first two decades of the 20th century.

Shot at Dawn
Site documenting soldiers shot for alleged cowardice or desertion.

Western Front Association
WWI Links: Links to sites touching upon various social, political and military aspects of WWI.

Women and the U.S. Navy

World War I era Yeomen.

BBC home page with articles, photos, first-hand accounts, and other programming.

Encyclopedic overview of the key figures, nations, actions and developments of the war.

WWI Poetry
Collection of poems with introductions, critique, and background info written for a seminar course on WWI poetry.

WWI Trenches on the Web
Reference library, book listings, discussion forum.
World War II and Holocaust

A-Bomb WWW Museum
The complete story of the A-bomb and the detonations in Japan.

American Experience War Letters
PBS Film site, with info about the film, archived letters, a gallery, and a program transcript.

The Battle of the Atlantic: Allied Naval Intelligence in World War II
Codebreaking machines during the war.

Battle of Britain
Very detailed information about the battle and the events leading up to and following it.

Bob Baxter's Bomber Command
Detailed information about WWII Bomber Command, the planes, the raids, the squadrons, photos, book links, etc.

Bombe (US)
The story of the evolution of the Allied cryptanalytic attack on the German Enigma cipher machine.

The Burma Campaign

The campaign was the longest fought by the British in the Second World War.  In December 1941 it began, for the British, with disaster, retreat and irreversible loss of face in front of the subject population. It ended, in August 1945, in triumph with the total defeat of the occupying Japanese army.

The Dorothy Dow Butturff Papers
Dorothy Dow Butturff, White House social secretary, was born on March 1, 1904 in La Crosse, Wisconsin. During her White House years of "life on a merry-go-round in an elevator with the Roosevelts," Mrs Butturff wrote many fascinating letters to her family detailing her varied experiences as a White House staff member.

Canadian War Brides

All women, all of the same generation, and mostly British, these nearly 45,000 war brides are an important part of Canadian history that has gone relatively unnoticed by historians and journalists alike.

Children and the Warsaw Ghetto
Resources and stories designed as educational materials.

The Coast Guard and the Women's Reserve in World War II
Illustrated history of WWII women Coast Guard volunteers (SPARs).

A Cybrary of the Holocaust
Images, resources, information about the camps, book listings, discussion boards, etc.

Democracy at War: Canadian Newspapers and the Second World War

During the Second World War, the staff of the century-old Hamilton Spectator newspaper kept its own monumental record of the war. This collection of more than 144,000 newspaper articles, manually clipped, stamped with the date, and arranged by subject, includes news stories and editorials from newspapers, mostly Canadian, documenting every aspect of the war.

Joe Dench and Enigma
The Museum pages of Canada's Foreign Service Communicators.

Dwight David Eisenhower
Basic biographical information in timeline format.

Einsatzstab Rosenberg Administrative Regulations, 30 September 1942
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT 155-PS. Source:Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression. Volume III. USGPO, Washington, 1946.

FDR Memorial Opening- May 1, 1997
Transcript of the opening ceremony.

Fifth Army at the Winter Line
One of a series of fourteen studies of World War II operations originally published by the War Department's Historical Division and now returned to print as part of the Army's commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of that momentous clash of arms.

German Resistance
The German Resistance Memorial Center is a site of remembrance, political studies, active learning, documentation, and research. An extensive permanent exhibition, a series of temporary special exhibitions, events and a range of publications document and illustrate resistance to National Socialism. The Center's goal is to show how individual persons and groups took action against the National Socialist dictatorship from 1933 to 1945 and made use of what freedom of action they had.

Great Britain and Canada in World War Two

The role of Great Britain and Canada in WWII.

The History Place - Hitler Youth
A complete history, timeline, statistics, quotes and sayings.

Adolf Hitler
Hitler's letters, writings, speeches, and actions.

Hitler's Death Still a Mystery
The story of Hitler's unconfirmed death.

Holocaust Educational Resource
Research guides, Q&As, psychological studies, history and listings.

IEEE History Center - U.S. Naval Computing Machine Laboratory, 1942-1945
In 1942, the United States Navy joined with the National Cash Register Company to design and manufacture a series of code-breaking machines. This project was located at the U.S. Naval Computing Machine Laboratory in Building 26, near this site. The machines built here, including the American "Bombes", incorporated advanced electronics and significantly influenced the course of World War II.

Imperial War Museum Holocaust Exhibit
The Imperial War Museum's Holocaust Exhibition uses historical material to tell the story of the Nazis' persecution of the Jews and other groups before and during the Second World War.

The Jewish Virtual Library--the Holocaust

Information and primary sources.

Juno Beach Centre

Remember June 6, 1944… Remember one million of Canadians in uniform, making a decisive contribution to the Allied Victory…

London at War
Learning site with info about life in London during the war, particular to daily life and children.

A Look Back at Nuremberg
Transcripts of CourtTV's program on the trials.

Edith Starrett Masse's Work Roles
On the Farm and at Home: A Narrative Study of Her Diaries 1942-1945. Daily life during the war.

Museum of Tolerance
Online learning center, with thousands of text files, photos, exhibitions, teaching tools, FAQs, etc.

Nazi and East German Propaganda
The German Propaganda Archive includes both propaganda itself and material produced for the guidance of propagandists.

Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals
Interactive site produced by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Teaching resources and the complete story.

Nazi Propaganda

Propaganda was central to Nazi Germany. This section is a collection of English translations of Nazi propaganda for the period 1933-1945, part of a larger site on German propaganda. The goal is to help people understand the great totalitarian systems of the twentieth century by giving them access to primary material.

NCVA History Book
A comprehensive history of US Naval cryptology from shortly after the first World War to modern times.

Oldtimer Gallery

Index of Studebaker photos, 1903-1946.

A Place for Heroes
Stories from WWII (American?). (Be careful! Music loads with the page, and can’t be stopped.)

Polish Home Army
Chronological history of the Secret Army and the Warsaw Uprising.

Polish Resistance in WWII
Essays, articles, links and recommended reading about the Polish resistance army.

George Rarey's WWII Air Force Cartoon Journals
Sketchbook journals of a pilot in the 379th Fighter Squadron.

Recruiting Posters for Women from World War II in the Navy Art Gallery
When complete, this exhibit will contain all of the works in the Navy Art Collection that relate to the recruitment of women during World War II.

Reflecting Back Fifty Years

The University of Virginia in 1945.

Remembering the Blitz
The Museum of London's site about the Blitz. Memories, the Personal Story, and the Big Story.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library & Museum
Library collections, digital archive of documents, photos, audio and video.

Second World War Encyclopedia
Military, political and social information.

Skylighters, The Web Site of the 225th AAA Searchlight Battalion
The story of the 225th AAA Searchlight Battalion from Omaha Beach to V-E Day.

SpecWarNet Case Study - The Doolittle Raid
Story of the carrier raid on Japan following Pearl Harbor.

Surrender of Germany Broadcast
Broadcast to the American People Announcing the Surrender of Germany. May 8, 1945. Delivered by President Truman from the Radio Room at the White House.

Tanks in World War II

You can find information and pictures about the most famous tanks and armored vehicles used in the World War II on this page.

Third Reich Factbook
An apolitical site dedicated to the history of the Third Reich and its allies and various organizations.

U-Boat War
Articles, forums, the men and boats of the U-boat War, 1939-1945.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Learning center, personal histories, exhibitions, maps, etc.

USS Whitehurst Home Page
WWII era Navy and Coast Guard history.

WAAC - WAC 1942-1944
This manuscript was prepared as a booklet in late 1944 or very early 1945 by the historians assigned to the Historical Section of the Headquarters, European Theater of Operations, and cleared by War Department censors in the Bureau of Public Relations on 15 January 1945.

WashingtonPost.com: The Death of Hitler

The Full Story with New Evidence from Secret Russian Archives.

Why, Oh God, Why?
Full text of a book based on damaged pages salvaged from original diaries of Holocaust survivors.

Women Come to the Front
Library of Congress site about eight women journalists, photographers and broadcasters during the war.

The Women of the Special Operations Executive
The story of an extraordinary group of women agents who worked for the Special Operations Executive (S.O.E.) during World War Two.

Women and the U.S. Navy
World War II era WAVES -- Overview and Special Image Selection.

World War Two
BBC site aspiring to create a new national archive of personal and family stories from World War Two. Maps, key events, media releases of the time.

World War Two Analyzed
Battle reports and information, itineraries and pictures of the battlefields, a closer look at records that are WWII historical errors, stories of individuals, soldiers, message boards. Searchable.

World War Two in the Pacific

Welcome to World War 2 in the Pacific.On this site, I try to cover the war with a third person point of view, not from a solely Japanese or American view.

Encyclopedic overview of the key figures, nations, actions and developments of the war.

WWII Resources
Primary source materials on the Web. Original documents regarding all aspects of the war.
Writing and Journalism

American Journalists
Encyclopedic listing of journalists' biographies.

American Writers
Encyclopedic listing of biographies for American writers.

Encyclopedic listing of biographies for British, American, German, and other cartoonists.

The history of Chartism and its role in economic, social and industrial reform, explored in detail.

Internet Obituary Network, Obituary for Robert Trout
Pioneer of broadcast journalism Robert Trout, who in his 70 year career covered the final concert of bandmaster John Philip Sousa and the first man on the moon.

Journalists and Newspapers
Extensive encyclopedic listings for journalists, newspapers, magazines, and illustrators from 1760-1960.

Marxists Writers Archive
A Library of the Marxists internet archive.

Extensive encyclopedic listings for poets, essayists, novelists, historians and playwrights of the 18th-20th centuries.

please let Killa know if you find broken links, or experience any problems with this page